Minimising Risk Through Science

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VISION
The Meteorological Services Department's vision is that world-class meteorological, climatologically and seismological products and services are timely, affordable, easily accessible and understood by all anytime and anywhere within and outside Zimbabwe.

MISSION
As the National Designated Authority on meteorology, climate and seismology, we contribute to the protection of life and property and science-based informed socio-economic decision-making by providing customer and stakeholder-driven quality meteorological, climatological and seismological products and services.

 
Harare Bulawayo Gweru Mutare Kwekwe

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Kadoma Masvingo Kariba Hwange Victoria Falls

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Temperatures in Degres Celcius (Min/Max)  
TODAY'S WEATHER
     
NEWS FLASH

Ozone Layer on Track to Recovery: Success Story Should Encourage Action on Climate

 Nairobi/Geneva, 10 September 2014 (UNEP/WMO) – The Earth’s protective ozone layer is well on track to recovery in the next few decades thanks to concerted international action against ozone depleting substances, according to a new assessment by 300 scientists. The Assessment for Decision-Makers, a summary document of theScientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion 2014, is being published by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and is the first comprehensive update in four years. The stratospheric ozone layer, a fragile shield of gas, protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. Without the Montreal Protocol and associated agreements, atmospheric levels of ozone depleting substances could have increased tenfold by 2050. According to global models, the Protocol will have prevented 2 million cases of skin cancer annually by 2030, averted damage to human eyes and immune systems, and protected wildlife and agriculture, according to UNEP.

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WMO Press release: Record Greenhouse Gas Levels Impact Atmosphere and Oceans Carbon Dioxide Concentration Surges

Geneva, 9 September 2014 (WMO) – The amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a new record high in 2013, propelled by a surge in levels of carbon dioxide.  This is according to the World Meteorological Organization’s annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletin, which injected even greater urgency into the need for concerted international action against accelerating and potentially devastating climate change. The Greenhouse Gas Bulletin showed that between 1990 and 2013 there was a 34% increase in radiative forcing – the warming effect on our climate – because of long-lived greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide.

In 2013, concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere was 142% of the pre-industrial era (1750), and of methane and nitrous oxide 253% and 121% respectively. The observations from WMO’s Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) network showed that CO2 levels increased more between 2012 and 2013 than during any other year since 1984. Preliminary data indicated that this was possibly related to reduced CO2 uptake by the earth’s biosphere in addition to the steadily increasing CO2 emissions.

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Current Situation and Outlook

Despite warming of the Tropical Pacific Ocean up until June, the overlaying atmosphere largely failed to respond. As a result, ocean temperature anomalies along the equator have decreased over the past two months. Changes in the wind patterns in early-August brought some weak re-warming, but winds have now returned to near normal in the western Pacific, while the pattern of cloudiness has remained largely neutral. Despite the recent observations, models and expert opinion suggest that the development of a weak El Niño event in the coming several months remains quite possible, with probability of at least 60%. National Meteorological and Hydrological Services and other agencies will continue to monitor Pacific Ocean conditions for further El Niño developments, and will assess the most likely local impacts.

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The Zimbabwe National Climate Outlook Forum (NACOF)

The Meteorological Services Department presented its seasonal weather forecast for the following year to national stake holders and policy makers at NACOF.  This allows for planning by the sectors that are highly and immediately sensitive to weather and climate patterns of behaviour. The forecast presented, mainly based on rainfall, is divided into two: October to December (OND) and January to March (JFM).  The forecast is also divided into 3 zones. The zones were determined using long term meteorological and physical data and so delineate areas within Zimbabwe with similar characteristic. Although they are demarcated by lines, they are in effect zones of transition. Go to Seasonal Forecast to view full statement.

 

Update on Current AWOS Installations at Charles Prince Airport and Thornhill Airbase

In view of the contract signed between the Department and Cimel Electroniques of France (Supply, Delivery and Installation of Automatic Weather Observing Systems at Victoria Falls, J M Nkomo, Charles Prince Airports and Thornhill Airbase), the Department has completed installations at Charles Prince Airport and installations at Thornhill Airbase are expected to be completed this week. According to IACO requirements and regulations the two airports qualifies to be under Category I, once the equipment has been installed and commissioned.

 
 

Organisational Links

Organisation Website
International Civil Aviation Organization www.icao.int
World Meteorological Organization www.wmo.int

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